How to: I²C Bus

This is the main bus HARDWARIO TOWER uses to communicate with the most of the sensors and modules. All sensors and modules have their own addres in the HARDWARIO TOWER I²C address space.

Normally you don’t need to use I²C API, because all the sensors have their own libraries that gives you the measured data. You will need I²C APIs in case you implement your own I²C sensor or chip.

I²C buses on the Core Module

There are two busses on the Core Module. They are called:

  • TWR_I2C_I2C0 - Using SDA0 and SCL0 (17, 18) pins in the bottom right corner of the Core Module

  • TWR_I2C_I2C1 - Using SDA1 and SCL1 (27, 28) pins in the top right corner of the Core Module

If you use Tag Module then the right three tag connectors use TWR_I2C_I2C0 and left three are using TWR_I2C_I2C1. You can see this in the schematics.

Note

There’s even another virtual I2C bus TWR_I2C_I2C_1W which is encapsulated in 1-Wire protocol and can be used with Sensor Module and 1-Wire Module to extend the communication distance.

Init I²C

By default the I²C buses are not initialized to save the power. However when you initialize at least one sensor in the SDK, the bus is initialized with the first sensor in their respective twr_xxx_init function. If you use only your sensor in the project, you have to initialize the I²C bus.

twr_i2c_init(TWR_I2C_I2C0, TWR_I2C_SPEED_400_KHZ);

Reading and writing 8 or 16 bits

You can use functions to write or read 1 byte, 2 bytes or specific number of bytes which is explained in next chapter below.

1bool twr_i2c_memory_write_8b (twr_i2c_channel_t channel, uint8_t device_address, uint32_t memory_address, uint8_t data)
2bool twr_i2c_memory_write_16b (twr_i2c_channel_t channel, uint8_t device_address, uint32_t memory_address, uint16_t data)
3
4bool twr_i2c_memory_read_8b (twr_i2c_channel_t channel, uint8_t device_address, uint32_t memory_address, uint8_t *data)
5bool twr_i2c_memory_read_16b (twr_i2c_channel_t channel, uint8_t device_address, uint32_t memory_address, uint16_t *data)

For example to write the data

1twr_i2c_memory_write_8b(TWR_I2C_I2C0, 0x48, 0x01, 0x81);
2twr_i2c_memory_write_16b(TWR_I2C_I2C0, 0x48, 0x01, 0x0180);

To read the data

1uint8_t reg_configuration;
2twr_i2c_memory_read_8b(TWR_I2C_I2C0, 0x48, 0x01, &reg_configuration);

Reading and writing more data

1bool twr_i2c_write (twr_i2c_channel_t channel, const twr_i2c_transfer_t *transfer)
2bool twr_i2c_read (twr_i2c_channel_t channel, const twr_i2c_transfer_t *transfer)

Example to read more data:

1twr_i2c_memory_transfer_t transfer;
2uint8_t rx_buffer[6];
3
4transfer.device_address = 0x48;
5transfer.memory_address = 0x28;
6transfer.buffer = rx_buffer;
7transfer.length = sizeof(rx_buffer);
8
9twr_i2c_memory_read(TWR_I2C_I2C0, &transfer);